Anticipating rotavirus vaccine introduction in the national immunization programme in Nepal

Gauchan P, Nakagomi T, Nakagomi O.

Abstract


Till date, diarrhoea remains one of the major causes of death in children under 5 years of age worldwide, claiming nearly 499,000 lives each year, and despite the availability of safe and effective rotavirus vaccines, an estimated 199,000, diarrhoeal deaths (95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 165,000 -241,000) is attributed to rotavirus alone1. Rotavirus also results in a median of 39.4% (95% CI: 37.1 – 43.1%) of diarrhoeal hospitalisations2. As of March 2017, 92 countries have introduced rotavirus vaccines which includes 85 national, 2 ongoing phased, and 5 sub-national introductions. Nearly half of all rotavirus diarrhoeal deaths occur in Asia, yet less than 20% of Asian countries have introduced rotavirus vaccine nationally or sub-nationally (http://rotacouncil.org/vaccine-introduction/global-introduction-status/).

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